Bundjalung Dictionary

How to use this dictionary?

Muurrbay plans to conduct workshops around Bundjalung-Yugambeh country to help people use this online dictionary. It is a work in progress so your feedback is important to us. Please read the instructions by following the "more" button below.

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Word List

Bundjalung English Category Dialect
dugun above ; on top ; sky location Gold Coast Tweed Listen [more]
dubay Aboriginal woman ; dark-skinned woman of any race people Gold Coast Tweed, Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence Listen [more]
babi ablaze food Middle Clarence [more]
wubin + -an.ga- able, be Gold Coast Tweed [more]
mibiny Aboriginal man ; person ; face ; know (Wi) ; Aboriginal(s) (M) people Gold Coast Tweed, Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
guri Aboriginal person ; person, Aboriginal people Gold Coast Tweed, Lower Richmond [more]
mirindjin, mirangdjin (?) Aboriginal woman 30-50 years old ; woman (Aboriginal 30-50 yrs old) people Gold Coast Tweed [more]
jalgany Aboriginal woman ; Goori woman ; woman, Aboriginal people Gold Coast Tweed [more]
dugalgan Aboriginal woman ; Goori woman ; woman, Aboriginal ; woman, Goori people Gold Coast Tweed [more]
mirungmir Aboriginal woman ; woman, Aboriginal people Middle Clarence, Copmanhurs [more]
gunaybidjbu Aborigines people Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
way above location Gold Coast Tweed [more]
babar above ; up there ; top ; up ; upwards ; north ; over there ; sky location Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
jigay abscess ; sore ; ulcer body_part Gold Coast Tweed, Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
yahng ba- abuse verbally ; verbally abuse language Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
nguyali- accompany Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
yandihndi- accompany ; go with ; take along Middle Clarence [more]
guhrang ache body_part Gold Coast Tweed [more]
jayuhmwen- ache (of head) body_part Middle Clarence [more]
gadja- ache, to ; hurt something, to ; ache (dull throbbing pain) body_part Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
jayuhm aching (of head) (Wa) ; headache (Gd) body_part Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
mibinyahbu acquaintance ; friend people Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
waru-waruhy across location Middle Clarence [more]
ngaring across ; on the other side location Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
janung ba- act as a moral and spiritual guardian ; moral or spiritual guardian, act as ; spiritual or moral guardian, act as ; guardian (moral or spiritual), act as language Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ginggi- act thus ; behave thus Middle Clarence [more]
-gundahy adjective suffix location Middle Clarence [more]
gayilima- admit Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gangindi- adopt Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gidjuhnygam adult ; old man ; fully grown man people Middle Clarence [more]
gambuhny-gambuhny adulterer people Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
dalang afraid senses Middle Clarence [more]
duyihny-an.ga- afraid senses All [more]
guwihr afraid senses Middle Clarence [more]
guyir, guyihr afraid senses Middle Clarence [more]
dulung afraid (Gd:Thomas) ; fear (Gd:Thomas) senses Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
jarany afraid ; frightened senses Lower Richmond [more]
dulungwan- afraid, become senses Middle Clarence [more]
-gahl, -nggahl after Lower Richmond, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
-nggahl, -gahl after Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
-(y)agan after (running after?) location Lower Richmond [more]
bindji, bindja after ; behind time Gold Coast Tweed, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
numbihl after ; behind ; back ; back (of something) ; rear location Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence [more]
yawunwan- afternoon, become ; late, become time Middle Clarence [more]
yawundah afternoon, in the time Gold Coast Tweed, Lower Richmond [more]
numgal afterwards location Middle Clarence [more]
gundehgal afterwards ; after that time Middle Clarence [more]
numgaldjang afterwards ; much later ; later, much location Middle Clarence [more]
mulayang again time Middle Clarence [more]
ngara again Middle Clarence [more]
bu again (Gd) ; now (Gd) ; still (Gd) Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
mar agitated ; alarmed senses Middle Clarence [more]
marwan- agitated, become ; alarmed senses Middle Clarence [more]
gurgun bulahnggi- agree Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ga-ga ah! reptile Gold Coast Tweed [more]
bumbay, bumbuy ahead ; straight location Gold Coast Tweed [more]
ngulung-gah-bu ahead, long way ahead location Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ginda- aim this way Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gayahw! alas! people Middle Clarence [more]
balgabari Albert River, dialect group ; Albert River, specific place on location Gold Coast Tweed [more]
mihgu-djam albino people Gold Coast Tweed [more]
guluy alcohol ; spirit ; grog (Wu) food Middle Clarence [more]
mamir alive Gold Coast Tweed [more]
milbul alive Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
miring, miri alive Lower Richmond [more]
danbin alive (?) Gold Coast Tweed [more]
mamir, mamirbu alive ; life Gold Coast Tweed [more]
mari alive ; life fish Lower Richmond [more]
miring alive of animates Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gumbibu all Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
-mihr all Middle Clarence [more]
mabehrbu all ; all of us/them Lower Richmond [more]
banang all ; mob people Middle Clarence [more]
gumbih(bu) all ; whole lot food Middle Clarence [more]
ngalihrban all of us ; we all Middle Clarence [more]
budjay almost Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
burgu almost (?) natural_environment Middle Clarence [more]
bagindji almost ; nearly Middle Clarence [more]
milangawaralalah almost ; nearly Gold Coast Tweed [more]
ngambahr almost ; nearly ; not quite ; more or less ; somewhat. Middle Clarence [more]
dahgarah(?) alone people Gold Coast Tweed [more]
galany alone ; solitary ; only Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ngaleh also Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
-ngula also ; too Middle Clarence [more]
-wula also ; too Middle Clarence [more]
behmba always Middle Clarence [more]
yaburuhma always All [more]
yaburuhma- always doing Gold Coast Tweed [more]
ngunyan.ga- amused senses Gold Coast Tweed [more]
mindjihng-mindjihng amusing thing Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ngahriny-ngahriny amusing thing Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
-Y an action ; act of.... (something) ; doer of an action ; actor (doer of an action) Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ngah, ngeh and Middle Clarence [more]
-ngi, -ngih and Middle Clarence [more]
ngeh (nga?) and ; also Gold Coast Tweed [more]
nguleh and ; also Lower Richmond [more]
nge and ; but Middle Clarence [more]
gawan.gali, gawun, gawgun anger senses Gold Coast Tweed [more]
wanar(a) anger senses Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
bubu, buyi-buyi, buybuy, bulbu, bulbul Angophera ; apple tree, native plant Gold Coast Tweed [more]
bulbul Angophera tree plant Gold Coast Tweed [more]
bunybuny angry senses Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gawun(y), gawgun angry senses Gold Coast Tweed [more]
ngiriny angry senses Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
janguy angry ; quarrelsome ; bad-tempered ; enemy senses Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gawgany-an.ga- angry, get senses Gold Coast Tweed [more]
bargal bahndi- angry, to be very senses Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
nyamul, nyamulbin animal, young animal Middle Clarence [more]
wulu ankle ; foot of tree ; tree trunk ; butt (of tree) body_part Gold Coast Tweed, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
janguyma- annoy ; angry, make senses Middle Clarence [more]
janguywan-, janguywen- (Wa) annoyed, become ; angry, get senses Middle Clarence [more]
gaba, gabay, gaybe, gaybi, ga(h)ba another Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gaybe another Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gaybe, ga(h)ba, gabay another Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gaybi another Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gulgi another ; different Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gulgih another ; other Middle Clarence [more]
nguhny-nguny ant insect Middle Clarence [more]
bagundah ant (? general) insect Middle Clarence [more]
nguny-nguny ant (generic) ; ant, small black insect Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
bahmgan ant hill ; ant nest insect Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gudjalany ant species (We, Gd) insect Gold Coast Tweed, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
guginy(?) ant, black ; black ant insect Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gamuhm ant, bulldog ; ant, jumper ; bulldog ant ; jumper ant insect Gold Coast Tweed [more]
jilgir ant, green ; green ant insect Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
juluhr, julu ant, greenhead ; greenheaded ant insect Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gamang ant, jumper ; jumper ant insect Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gudjalany ant, little black ; little black ant insect Gold Coast Tweed [more]
jundang (dundang?, dundany?) ant, solitary insect Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
walang ant-hill insect Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
yuhnungbihny antbed insect Middle Clarence [more]
buhnbing antbed ; termite's nest insect Middle Clarence [more]
-na(h) antechronous suffix Gold Coast Tweed, Middle Clarence [more]
-lehny antipassive + imminent aspect ; reflexive + imminent aspect Gold Coast Tweed, Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence, Copmanhurs [more]
gunyim, gunyum anus body_part Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
yeh any Gold Coast Tweed [more]
buy-buygah apple tree ; tree, apple plant Middle Clarence [more]
buybuy apple tree, native ; Angophera ; Apple gum plant Gold Coast Tweed [more]
wilgulga apple tree, wild ; Woolgoolga plant Middle Clarence [more]
jumbay, juhmbay Apple, Black ; Black Apple plant Gold Coast Tweed [more]
bulbu apple-box tree plant Gold Coast Tweed [more]
bundagah- approach Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
bundagahli- approach location Middle Clarence [more]
jage-jageh apron, woman's artifact Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gimbay area location Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
wuhngma- argument, try to pick an ; nag at someone Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
jawin arm (GC:Mestn) body_part Gold Coast Tweed [more]
gunggil (?) arm (with shoulder) body_part Gold Coast Tweed [more]
jaruhn, daruny arm (with wrist) body_part Gold Coast Tweed [more]
ganggil arm ; upper arm ; wing of bird ; front leg of animal ; leg (front) of animal body_part Gold Coast Tweed, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ganggal arm ; wing body_part Gold Coast Tweed, Lower Richmond [more]
gulun armpit body_part Gold Coast Tweed [more]
wangany armpit body_part Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
bahnbinyma- arouse Middle Clarence [more]
girba- arouse ; disturb ; raid ; wake up ; awake ; wake someone up Gold Coast Tweed, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
bahndi- arrive Middle Clarence [more]
gahbiwi- arrive Middle Clarence [more]
wamginy arrive Gold Coast Tweed [more]
bahn-, bahna-, bahn.ga-, bahrwa-, baya-, barga arrive ; arise ; rise ; get up ; happen ; appear ; come out ; stand up ; emerge Gold Coast Tweed, Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gahwany arrived Middle Clarence [more]
gurahng, guwany Ash tree, Moreton Bay ; Moreton Bay Ash tree plant Gold Coast Tweed, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
guwany, gurahny, gurahng Ash tree, Moreton Bay ; Moreton Bay Ash tree plant Gold Coast Tweed, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
geyehr ashamed senses Middle Clarence [more]
gayehr ashamed ; embarrassed ; shy senses Middle Clarence [more]
gayehr ashamed ; shy senses Middle Clarence [more]
ging-an.ga- ashamed, be senses Gold Coast Tweed [more]
buba ashes natural_environment Lower Richmond [more]
bular ashes food Gold Coast Tweed [more]
muhruy ashes food Middle Clarence [more]
muruny ashes food Middle Clarence [more]
muruhny ashes ; coals, hot (Wa) food Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
bubeh ashes ; dust natural_environment Gold Coast Tweed [more]
bubidjan, bubigan (buhbi-?) ashes of a fire ; fire ashes food Gold Coast Tweed [more]
ngaranyma- ask Middle Clarence [more]
ngihm ba- ask for ; ask someone for something Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ngihmbi- ask for ; request ; demand Middle Clarence [more]
yagay ba- ask someone something Middle Clarence [more]
burung-burung asleep senses Middle Clarence [more]
wurahm asleep ; sleeping Middle Clarence [more]
-ni, -hn, ni aspect markers Gold Coast Tweed [more]
wule at all ; somewhat ; rather Middle Clarence [more]
girbal attack, surrounding ; raid Middle Clarence, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
guhrgi- attract Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
guhrginy attraction ; temptation ; lust senses Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
garuhgan aunt people Middle Clarence [more]
bamay yanbay Australian Pipit ; Ground Lark bird Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
milahny awake Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
gawanggu away location Gold Coast Tweed [more]
wagar axe ; axe, small ; tomahawk artifact Lower Richmond, Middle Clarence [more]
galgalihgubih axe ; axeman artifact Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
mugim axe ; tomahawk artifact Lower Richmond, Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
ngahmar axe, large artifact Middle Clarence [more]
ngaragan axe-handle artifact Condamine Upper Clarence [more]
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This project is an initiative of:

Supported through the Australian Government’s Indigenous Languages Support program and New Media program. Copyright © Muurrbay Aboriginal Language and Culture Cooperative

Image by Sharon Smith. For more information contact Muurrbay